Shafee Abaad castle
Shahdad is the centre of Shahdad district which includes smaller cities and villages such as Sirch, Anduhjerd, Chehar Farsakh, Go-diz, Keshit, Ibrahim Abad, Joshan and Dehseif. Shahdad is a quiet oasis town northeast of Kerman wedged between the Payeh Mountains and the southwestern fringe fo Dasht-e Lut desert. The driving distance from Kerman city to Shahdad is 95 km. The local climate is hot and dry. The main agricultural produce is date fruits and oranges.
Shahdad is mainly of interest as an entrée to the desert, although there are many castles and caravanserais at Shahdad and around. Examples are the Shafee Abaad castle and the Godeez castle. North of town the Aratta civilization village and dwarf humans are said to have existed since 6,000 BC. Shrine of Imam Zadeh Zeyd, south of town, is the most respected religious site of Shahdad. The oldest metal flag in human history was found in this city.
Kalut is considered the biggest cloddish town of the world. In Lut desert, 40 km away from Shahdad town, there is an 11000 km/s area in which uneven spots can be traced known as Kaluts. These are one of the main characteristics of the desert areas, resembling buildings from a distance.
Shafee Abaad Qanat
A kareez (also spelt karez / kariz and later called qanat in Arabic) is a combination below and above ground channel system used to bring water to a settlement or fields from a natural source, say an aquifer, mountain spring or lake. Many of the kareez / qanats are ancient and their history is intertwined with the history of Aryan lands. Importantly, the system was sustainable and did not exhaust underground aquifers.
The kareez are difficult, laborious and time consuming to build and maintain. However, without them normal life in the more arid regions of the Aryan lands and the later Persian empire, including Egypt, would have been untenable. In these lands, as well as the Aryan’s Turkic neighbours in Kazakhstan and the Tarim river basin in what is today the far western Chinese Uygur province of Xinjiang – the kareez was, and in many cases still is, the principal method of water supply and distribution. After the Arab conquests of the Aryan lands, the Arabs called the system a ‘qanat’.