now means new and the word ruz means day, so nowruz means starting a new day and it is the Celebration of the start of spring (“Rejuvenation”). It starts on the first day of spring (also the first day of the Iranian Calendar year), 21 March, in that 12 days as a sign of the past 12 months, all Iranian families gather around and visit each other. It is also the best time to re-experience the feeling of mehr (pure love). In nowruz all families talk about their best experiences of the last year and the things they are looking forward in the next year and they all become bonded again in peace. There are many other things Iranians do for nowruz including khane tekani (cleaning the house) and haji firooz, where a person who make his face black and wears a red dress, walks around the streets and entertains people by singing a special song, Haft sin is also very important custom of Iranian for nowruz, they put 7 different beans on their table as a sign of thanking nature for giving humans all they need. Since then every year Iranians put haftsin on their tables, but nowadays they put 7 things that start with S” sound and in farsi, letter س
Sadeh celebrates 50 days before Nowruz. Sadeh in Persian means “hundred” and refers to one hundred days and nights past the end of summer (or the beginning of long-winter known to start at the end of summer in ancient Persia/Iran). Sadeh is a mid winter festival that was celebrated with grandeur and magnificence in ancient Persia. It was a festivity to honor fire and to defeat the forces of darkness, frost, and cold.
Zoroastrians who lived in Baqche Boudaqabad held these ceremonies fifty days before Nowrooz. In the ceremonies the high priest of the Zoroastrians sing the song of Zoroaster and people are entertained with delicious foods, and huge woods are gathered to make fire, which created such a beautiful sight that attracts the eyes of every visitors.
Shab-e Yalda or Shab-e Chelleh :
Yalda is celebrated on or around December 20 or 21 each year. Following the persian calender reform of 1925, which pegged some seasonal events to specific days of the calendar, Yalda came to be celebrated on the night before and including the first day of the tenth month . Subject to seasonal drift, this day may sometimes fall a day before or a day after the actual Winter Solstice. During the long night,.The poems of Divan-e-Hafez, which can be found in the bookcases of almost all Iranian families, are intermingled with peoples’ life and are read or recited during various occasions like Nowruz and Yaldā Night. Food plays a central role in Yalda celebrations. In most parts of Iran the extended family come together and enjoy a fine dinner. A wide variety of fruits and sweetmeats specifically prepared or kept for this night are served. Foods common to the Yalda celebration include watermelon, pomegranate, nuts, and dried fruit. These items and more are commonly placed on a korsi, which people sit around. In some areas it is custom that forty varieties of edibles should be served during the ceremony of the night of Chelleh.
Persian Festival of “Joy and Solidarity”. The 13th and last day of Nowruz celebration. Because of the end of twelve days (a sample of twelve month) they celebrate the 13th day as a new beginning of the next twelve month and it has no relations with the number 13 (as an unlucky number). It is celebrated outdoors along with the beauty of nature. In modern times Iranians head for parks, gardens or country sides, and enjoy their day together in a picnic. On Sizdah Bedar, many big cities in Iran look empty and unpopulated.
At the end of their picnics people throw away the green sprouts, known as Sabzeh (from the traditional Haft Seen table that they prepared for the first day of New Year). Sizdeh Bedar gives Iranians a chance to participate a ceremony out in nature singing, dancing, performing many traditional activities, and enjoying the fresh smell of spring. One of the popular traditions of Sizdah Bedar is the knotting of blades of grass by the young unmarried girls in the hope to marry soon and expressing their wish and hope for good fortune in life and love.
Festival of Fire, last Tuesday night in the Iranian Calendar year. It marks the importance of the light over the darkness, arrival of spring and revival of nature. Last Wednesday of the year (Chahar Shanbeh Soori): On the eve of last Wednesday of the year, literally the eve of Red Wednesday or the eve of celebration, bonfires are lit in public places with the help of fire and light, it is hoped for enlightenment and happiness throughout the coming year. People leap over the flames, shouting. In order to make wishes come true, it is customary to prepare special foods and distribute them on this night. Noodle Soup a filled Persian delight, and mixture of seven dried nuts and fruits, pistachios, roasted chic peas, almond, hazelnuts, figs, apricots, and raisins. The night will end with more fire works and feasts where family and friends meet and with the more modern Iranians music and dance will follow. Happy Chahar Shanbeh Suri, and may your wishes come true.
Golabgiri (rose water festival):
In Ordibehesht, coincident May and June, an annual festival of Rose and Rose Water is being held in Lalehzar, Kerman, Iran. This is the time for picking up the Mohammadi roses to obtain rosewater out of them. The season for picking rose and preparing rose water is from 21 april to 21 may. In early May, the scent of rose spreads over different areas of lalehzar area, “Zahra Rose Water Company” is an international company in lalehzar which produce high quality rose water and other verbal extracts. The ceremony for making rose water in Lalezar, Kerman attracts many tourists. Many people from various cities come to lalehzar for this traditional ceremony.
Muharram & Tasua and Ashura
Muslims around the world are commemorating the martyrdom anniversary of Prophet Muhammad’s grandson Imam Hussein (PBUH).Millions of people, dressed in black, took to the streets and mosques, the ninth day of the holy month of Muharram in the Islamic calendar, to mourn the tragedy on a day known as Tasua.
The annual commemoration is held in different regions of the world during various mourning rituals. Tasua comes a day before Ashura, which marks the day when Imam Hussein, along with 72 of his companions, was martyred in the battle against the second Umayyad king in Karbala, Iraq, more than 14 centuries ago.
Ashura symbolizes the eternal struggle of truth against falsehood and the battle against injustice and cruelty realized by Imam Hussein as he offered supreme sacrifice to uphold the principles against tyranny.
On Tasua and Ashura, Iranian mourners hold special ceremonies in line with their local traditions in different cities and offer foods at public venues like mosques. In Kerman a food Called “Abgoosht Imam hoseini” wich is very delicius and specially cooked and distributed among people in Moharam, Tasua and Ashura, in kerman, in Mosques and some personal houses .
People also gather to watch Ta’zieh, or the Persian Passion Play which is a ritual dramatic art that recounts religious events, historical and mythical stories and folk tales through poetry, music, song and motion
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