Kerman Province is located in south-eastern of Iran; it is the largest province in Iran. Kerman is the capital city of Kerman province. It is the largest and most developed city in the Kerman Province and the most important city in South-East Iran.Kerman is one of the five historical cities of Iran. From the industrial, political, cultural and scientific points of view, it is the most important city in the southeast of Iran. Kerman is very famous for its long history and strong cultural heritage. Due to the special geographical conditions Kerman province enjoys considerable changeable climate, the average temperature during the months of March-June has been recorded as 20°-25°C. These months are the most suitable for travelling and tourism. Kerman is Iran’s largest producer of handmade carpets and a major exporter of pistachio nuts.
Travelers have long known Iran as the land of diversity and beauty, given its colorful nature, diverse ethnicities, and rich culture and arts. These features are manifested in different parts of Islamic Iran, including the southeastern Iranian Province of Kerman.
This province is home to hardworking, patient, and hospitable people, and maintains a diverse climate and an attractive culture and art. In today’s program, we pay a visit to this province, which maintains warm and cold climates in its different regions. In fact, while one region of Kerman Province may maintain a cold climate, another region of the province could be very warm. Given the rich and scenic nature of this province, animal husbandry has been promoted in the province, thereby providing the raw material for creation of beautiful patterns on the well-known rugs and carpets of Kerman.
The residence of people in Kerman Province dates back to 4th millennium BC. Kerman is one the most ancient regions of Iran. With the passage of time, it has accommodated valuable historical and cultural treasures which portray its historical process and economic and social existence. Each of the historical sites in Kerman shows an angle of peoples’ lives and the ruling systems of this region. The lower number of historical sites in Kerman Province in comparison to other provinces such as Isfahan and Shiraz is due to the damage which has been inflicted on this province throughout the unfortunate historical incidents. Meanwhile, the few historical monuments of this province prove the high abilities and hard efforts of the people of this region of Iran.
Kerman Province covers an area of over 182,000 square kilometers, which is tantamount to 11% of Iran’s total area. It is the largest province of Iran, which stretches to Khorasan and Yazd provinces from the north; Sistan-Baluchestan Province from the east; Fars Province from the west; and Hormozgan Province from the south. The distinguished geographical status of this province, which has access to southern Iranian ports, and extends to central Iran region, has turned Kerman into an important and transit province. There are two active economic zones of Sirjaan and Bam in this province, which support the southern Iranian ports of Bandar Abbas and Chabahar.
Kerman is one of the important poles of mines in Iran, given its diverse metallic and non-metallic mineral sources. This province is ranked first in Iran in regard to diversity and importance of its mines. The most significant mines of this province include copper, coal, iron ore, chromite, lead, zinc, titanium, and manganese mines.
The altitudes of Kerman Province are the extension of Iran’s central mountain ranges, which start from Azarbaijan’s volcanoes, and extend to Baluchestan.
There are several rivers, springs, and water falls in Kerman. The most important river which runs through this province is Halilroud, which passes through the cities of Jiroft and Kahnouj. The flora of this water basin is significant, given that its altitudes are permanently blanketed with snow, and therefore lasting water sources exist in this region.
Meanwhile, the mineral water springs of this region are the most important tourist attractions of this part of Iran.
Kerman Province maintains the highest altitudes in comparison to other provinces of Iran. The city of Baaft, which is located 2250 meters above the sea level, maintains the highest altitude compared to other cities of this province. The annual rainfall in this province is nearly 120 millimeters. With due regard to climatic conditions, and the amount of water sources, Kerman Province is divided into three categories of dry plains, mountainous regions with a moderate climate, and warm regions.
The most important agricultural products of this province include wheat, barley, potatoes, pistachios, cumin, cotton, and beetroots. Also in this province; walnuts, almonds, pears, peaches, sour cherry, plums, cherry, apples and citrus fruits such as orange, lemons, limes, tangerines, sour orange, and grapefruit, in addition to dates are produced. These products are cultivated in the regions of Bam, Jiroft, Shahdad, and Baaft.
The premium citrus fruits of Shahdad are well-known in Iran. Over 95% of Iran’s pistachios are produced in Kerman Province. Meanwhile, the city of Rafsanjan ranks first in pistachio production across this province.
Kerman Province is home to plains and high altitude regions, in addition to deserts, which are among top tourist destinations in Iran.
This province, alongside its never-ending deserts, is home to summer quarters and scenic landscapes. The running sands have shaped hills in this province, whose size continuously change due to the blowing gales of Kerman, it is called Kalut. The climate of deserts of this province is appropriate for half of the year, while the mountainous regions of this province maintain a moderate climate for the other half of the year.
,, starry nights, high pinnacles, pretty Hamoun Lake, several mineral water springs, Bam’s palm groves, and several other scenic landscapes of Kerman Province have created a top destination for the eco-tourists.
Graduate University of Advanced Technology
The great potentials in Kerman province, regarding such resources as industry, mining, agriculture, and service-sector, have all created favorable conditions to establish postgraduate education and research centers for further development of the area. Graduate University of Advanced Technology (GUAT) was thus founded in 2007 with the aim to partly fill this gap. With an area of 2000 hectares, the GUAT is located in Mahan, 28km southeast of Kerman.Currently, there are three faculties (i.e. Faculty of Science and Technology, Faculty of Electrical and Computer Engineering, and Faculty of Civil Engineering) providing educational and research services in 39 MSc and 15 PhD programs, together with the facilities prepared in the same campus for commercializing the knowledge-based achievements of the GUAT post-graduate students and researchers.